What is CBD

Nov 2, 2022 | Cannabis Light | 0 comments

For several years now, there has been a lot of talk about CBD or cannabidiol. What is it all about? What are the differences from THC? These and other questions will be answered in the next few lines of the article.

CBD: what is it all about?

CBD is one of 142 phytocannabinoids in cannabis sativa. It was discovered in 1940 by chemist Roger Adams, who, two years later, obtained a full-fledged patent for his method of isolating cannabidiol. He is also credited with the isolation of THC, the discovery of which, at the time, gained such fame that for long years CBD was relegated to a kind of oblivion.

Getting to the heart of CBD's characteristics, let us recall that chemically it can be defined as a secondary metabolite of cannabis sativa. The anabolic pathways that lead to its formation are in some ways akin to those that result in the emergence of THC.

What are the differences between THC and CBD?

When talking about CBD, it is natural to ask questions regarding its differences with THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). The main distinction, besides the objective fame of THC, which is greater than that of CBD, which until a few years ago was unknown to many people, concerns the fact that, in the case of CBD, we are not talking about psychoactive effects. Indeed, for the sake of accuracy, it is worth mentioning that cannabidiol is able to mitigate those caused by THC.

Biochemically, however, we are dealing with a strong affinity. THC and CBD, in fact, are constitutional isomers characterized by the same brute formula. An important parenthesis regarding the effects concerns the receptors with which the two phytocannabinoids interact (we are of course talking about receptors of the endocannabinoid system).

In the case of THC, the interaction occurs with CB1 and CB2 receptors located in the brain. Specifically, due to the interaction with the former it is possible to appreciate an increase in pleasure sensations and an increase in appetite (the famous munchies).

When we talk, however, about interaction with the CB2 receptor, we are dealing with a situation in which the main effect is greater control of painful sensations.

The receptors with which CBD or cannabidiol interacts are CB2, GPR55 and 5-HT1A. Due to the just mentioned interaction, it is possible to appreciate a different effect than that caused by THC, not a feeling of a high but, as already mentioned, a reduction in anxiety symptoms.

How CBD is produced

CBD is not produced but extracted from hemp. The most common methods are carbon dioxide and ethanol extraction. Hydrocarbon extraction and oil extraction are also often used.

What are the effects of CBD on our body

The effects of CBD on the body are numerous. One of the most appreciated is undoubtedly the feeling of relaxation that cannabidiol intake is able to trigger. This peculiarity is behind the great success of CBD products at the beginning of the Covid emergency and a time when we all faced an unprecedented and very high level of stress.

The properties of CBD

The properties of CBD have been the focus of scientific attention for years. In addition to the already mentioned ability to promote a pleasant sense of relaxation, it is worth mentioning its pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory efficacy. CBD, moreover, as shown by several scientific evidences would be able to promote apoptosis of cancer cells in breast cancer cell lines (we are talking specifically about in vitro studies).

Useful against sleep disorders and anxiety, CBD also has the advantage of being an excellent antiemetic. Not surprisingly, it is often chosen when it comes to keeping nausea under control in chemotherapy courses.

How CBD can be found on the market

CBD can be found on the market in different forms. Since Law 242/2016 came into effect in January 2017, so many companies have entered the market and started marketing cannabidiol products. From physical stores to e-commerce such as Greenyleaf, on whose store one can find mostly inflorescences, there are many references for those who want to buy cannabidiol.

In terms of the forms in which it is available on the market, let us first mentionCBD oil. What is it? Of a product characterized by the presence of a carrier oil-extra virgin olive oil, black cumin oil, hemp oil above all-in which the active plant ingredient is diluted. CBD oil has seen considerable commercial success in recent years due in part to its ease of intake. Thanks to the handy dispenser and dropper, CBD oil can be taken quickly wherever you are.

Other solutions that can be considered for CBD intake include crystals, which are characterized by a high level of purity, the aforementioned inflorescences, and electronic cigarette liquids.