Cannabis is a plant valued for its medicinal and recreational properties throughout the world. What makes cannabis so unique is the wide range of natural chemical compounds, known as cannabinoids, found in it. However, there are many other compounds in this plant that are less well known and that contribute to its unique properties. Among these are the cannabis terpenes.
But what exactly are cannabis terpenes?
Terpenes are a class of organic compounds found in many plants and are responsible for their individual aroma. This is also true for cannabis, where terpenes can influence the odor profile, flavor, and medicinal properties of this plant.
Some cannabis terpenes are more common than others. For example, limonene is one of the most common terpenes and is often found in plants such as lemons, oranges, and grapefruits. This terpene has been associated with a wide range of health benefits, including anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. Other common cannabis terpenes include pinene, linalool, and beta-carophyllene.
But what do these terpenes do in cannabis?
As mentioned, these compounds can influence the odor profile and flavor of cannabis. For example, limonene can give cannabis a lemon or citrus aroma, while linalool can give a sweet, floral aroma. However, cannabis terpenes can also influence the medicinal properties of the plant.
So, cannabis terpenes are a class of organic compounds that can influence the odor profile, flavor, and medicinal properties of this plant. Although not all terpenes are present in every cannabis cultivar, it is important to recognize the role these compounds can play in creating a high-quality end product. It will be interesting to see what further discoveries will be made in cannabis terpene research in the future.
The Difference Between Cannabinoids and Terpenes
Cannabinoids, are a class of chemical compounds that act on cannabinoid receptors in the human body, which are involved in many functions such as mood, memory, and pain. THC is the best known of the cannabinoids, but Cannabis contains many other cannabinoids, such as CBD, CBG and CBN, and all have different therapeutic properties.
Terpenes and cannabinoids are distinct substances, working together in a process known as the "entourage effect," which refers to the way the interaction between the various compounds in Cannabis can affect the overall effect of the plant. For example, some terpenes may enhance the absorption of cannabinoids through the bloodstream, while others may alter the psychoactive effect of the plant.
There are different varieties of Cannabis, with a wide range of terpenes and cannabinoids, and this can influence the effect the plant has on the mind and body. For example, some varieties of Cannabis are known for their relaxing effects, while others are more energizing. In addition, the therapeutic properties of cannabinoids and terpenes can vary depending on their combination, which means that there are many options for medical users seeking to use Cannabis to treat specific conditions.
In summary, while Cannabis can be complex and varied, the distinction between cannabinoids and terpenes is important for understanding the effects of the plant. Knowing the difference between the two can help you choose the right strain for your therapeutic needs. While cannabinoids, such as CBD, are often used as specific therapeutic treatments, terpenes can help enhance the benefits of cannabinoids, offering a more complete and potent solution for patients.